Stay sun safe on snow and sand
Sunscreen is one holiday essential that often gets left behind when people pack for a winter holiday, so the Public Health Agency (PHA) and Cancer Focus Northern Ireland are reminding people not to forget their sunscreen when packing for their winter get-away.
Whether you are heading to the ski slopes or jetting off for some winter sun, it is important to stay safe in the sun during your break. The Solar UV Index shows how much ultraviolet (UV) radiation is reaching us from the sun and how careful we need to be. UV levels vary with the seasons and time of day, but when the UV index is three or above we need to protect our skin and eyes, so it’s important to know what the UV index is going to be throughout the day wherever you may be.
Denise McCallion, Senior Health and Social Wellbeing Improvement Officer at the PHA, explained: “It is easy to associate winter with frostbite and windburn, but UV rays can be every bit as damaging for winter sun seekers – just because it is off-peak does not mean that the sun is any less harmful.
“The sun can cause permanent damage to our skin at any time of the year. Just one episode of sunburn, especially in childhood, doubles the lifetime risk of malignant melanoma, the most serious form of skin cancer.
"Everyone is at risk of sun damage, therefore it is vitally important that all of us take steps to protect ourselves and actively reduce the risks of skin cancer, whether we’re going on a skiing holiday or heading off to somewhere warm.”
Marbeth Ferguson, Skin Cancer Prevention Strategy Co-ordinator at Cancer Focus NI, said: “You don’t need to be sunbathing to get skin cancer – it is over-exposure to UV radiation which can cause serious damage over time. It is important for everyone to avoid getting sunburnt, and this is particularly important for children.
“UV radiation from the sun can cause skin damage, even on cloudy days. Both snow and water reflect the sun’s rays, and the higher altitude of ski resorts means increased intensity of UV radiation. So in snow conditions it is best to take extra precautions and protect skin from the winds and winter sun.
“As well as skin cancer, UV radiation also causes skin damage, ageing, wrinkling and eye damage, so it is vital to take the necessary measures to protect yourself and enjoy winter sun and ski holidays safely.”
There are a number of simple steps that will help protect against the sun’s harmful rays:
- Know the UV index and if it is three or more protect your skin and eyes.
- Seek shade and avoid prolonged exposure when the sun is at its strongest – generally 11am to 3pm.
- Wear sunglasses and a hat that protect against UV rays.
- Use sunscreen and lip balm with a minimum SPF of 15 for UVB protection and 4 star for UVA protection. Apply liberally 30 minutes before going out and don’t forget your head, neck and ears. Re-apply at least every two hours.
- Check regularly for any changes to your skin.
You can find out the hourly UV index forecast from the Met Office website at www.metoffice.gov.uk
If you are concerned about any aspect of cancer call the Cancer Focus NI free information and support helpline on 0800 783 3339 or email one of the nurses on firstname.lastname@example.org You can also visit the websites www.becancerawareni.info or www.careinthesun.org